Direct Selling / MLM / Network Marketing - Legal or Illegal?

Direct Selling / MLM / Network Marketing – Legal or Illegal?

Yesterday when I read that Amway India CEO was again arrested, I couldn’t postpone writing about it anymore. Until and unless Indian people become aware of the truths about this industry, even legitimate Direct Selling companies and their distributors will keep facing legal problems. And that’s bad news for common people. Oh! By the way I am not associated with Amway in any way, never has been. But I am with this industry for last 7+ years, as a distributor and also as an industry advocate and educator. And the way this industry has impacted my life, I feel it as my obligation to stand beside any legitimate company in this industry, in such troubling time.

Update : Direct Selling Guidelines Published [ Sep 2016]

2 years after I wrote this article, finally Shri Ram Vilas Paswan, Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, announced a model guidelines on Direct Selling. Covered it in details in a new blogpost.

Direct Selling Guidelines 2016 Press Release

Disclaimer:

In no way I am challenging our law or judicial system, or disrespecting the country’s constitution. Neither I am giving opinion on whether Amway India and/or its CEO is guilty or not. I am writing this article to make people aware about the truths and legal aspects of this industry. From my last 7+ years of experience, I have seen many legitimate MLM companies and distributors being accused for no valid reason. Purpose of this article is to prevent such instances. As all major new agencies like Investing.com, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, Money Life, The Hindu, Times of India, Bloomberg, Indian Express, NDTV, Economic Times, Zee News has covered the story of the arrest, but I didn’t find anyone ever reflecting anything positive about the industry, I had to write this. You can’t imagine how new distributors in this industry feel during these phases! Family, friends everyone point finger at them “Didn’t I tell you that Network Marketing is an illegal scheme?”. I want this article to be a solid foundation of confidence for all those people.

What is Direct Selling / Network Marketing / Multi Level Marketing

Before proceeding any further, first I need to clarify what Direct Selling/ Network Marketing / MLM really is.

  • It is a relatively new marketing method / business concept/ distribution channel.
  • Direct Selling companies sell their products &/or services direct to the consumers, removing the traditional distribution channels in between.
  • Normally Direct Selling companies focus more on word-of-mouth advertisements by its consumers than traditional advertisements. (Most Direct Selling companies don’t do traditional advertisements at all).
  • A person can be:
    • Consumer: Who only uses the products and services from the Direct Selling company.
    • Distributor: Who is a consumer, but also sells the products and services directly to people and earns retail commission for that.
    • Network Marketer: Who is also a distributor and must sell products and services directly. But also recruits and trains other distributors to sell the products/services and build their own businesses. Now this person not only earns retail commissions, but also commissions for the sales volume generated by their entire Network.
      Now this facility allows people to leverage other people’s effort and earn residual income.
  • To explain it in simplest manner – As a Direct Seller/ Network Marketer; you are being paid for sharing (and hence selling) products/ services you like. Also, as you are investing your time and effort in training other distributors joining your team and helping them to get started, you are being paid a percentage from the sales volume generated by them. Fair and square.

What is MLM/ Direct Selling / Network Marketing

Now let me address the question [Tweet “Direct Selling / #MLM / Network Marketing – Legal or Illegal? Answer is here!”]

Legality

Who am I to write about MLM legality? I don’t have any knowledge of law. But I know about this industry. I am working in this industry as a distributor for 7+ years now. I am continuously learning and researching about this industry. I learned from and in touch with most of the top successful leaders in this industry, from different parts of the world. I’ve read countless books, articles, magazines, journals from experts in this industry. I’ve also studied various legal cases related to the industry. And I am teaching all these to countless people from various companies in this industry. So I guess I am little bit eligible to share my view on this topic.

Difference Between Illegal Pyramid Scheme / Money Circulation / Ponzi Scheme/ Prize Chit and Direct Selling/ Multi Level Marketing / Network Marketing

Now every time any legitimate Direct Selling company or its distributors, land up in trouble, you can bait that someone not understanding the above difference is the root cause of it. And unfortunately, not only most common people don’t understand the difference, but also many legal advisers and Govt. regulators don’t understand it either.

The lack of clearly defined law regarding Direct Selling industry, is the root cause of all confusion.

THE PRIZE CHITS AND MONEY CIRCULATION SCHEMES (BANNING) ACT, 1978

This is the legal act in India, most regulators refer to while investigating any Direct Selling or MLM companies. I’m embedding it here. Source: http://www.dif.mp.gov.in/Prize_Chits_Money_Circulation_Sch_Banning_Act_1978.pdf  (assuming it is correct)

Honestly I don’t understand the legal terminologies. And lot from the above document went over my head. But few points I could understand was:

Conventional Chit is Defined as:

“Conventional chit” means a transaction whether called chit, chit fund, kuri or by any other name
by or under which a person responsible for the conduct of the chit enters into an agreement with a
specified number of persons that every one of them shall subscribe a certain sum of money (or
certain quantity of grain instead) by way of periodical installments for a definite period and that each
such subscriber shall, in his turn, as determined by lot or by auction or by tender or in such other
manner as may be provided for in the chit agreement, be entitled to a prize amount. Explanation.-In
this clause “prize amount” shall mean the amount, by whatever name called, arrived at by deducting
from out of the total amount paid or payable at each installment by all the subscribers.

Money Circulation Scheme is Defined as: 

“Money circulation scheme” means any scheme, by whatever name called, for the making of
quick or easy money, or for the receipt of any money or valuable thing as the consideration for a
promise to pay money, on any event or contingency relative or applicable to the enrollment of
members into the scheme, whether or not such money or thing is derived from the entrance money
of the members of such scheme or periodical subscriptions.

Prize Chit is Defined as: 

“prize chit” includes any transaction or arrangement by whatever name called under which a
person collects whether as a promoter, foreman, agent or in any other capacity, monies in one lump sum or in installments by way of contributions or subscriptions or by sale of units, certificates or
other instruments or in any other manner or as membership fees or admission fees or service
charges to or in respect of any savings, mutual benefit, thrift, or any other scheme or arrangement
by whatever name called, and utilizes the monies so collected or any part thereof or the income
accruing from investment or other use of such monies for all or any of the following purposes,
namely :- (Read from the PDF)

Finally Govt. Bans Such Illegal Schemes

3. Banning of prize chit and money circulation schemes or enrollment as members or participation
therein. No person shall promote or conduct any prize chit or money circulation scheme, or enroll as
a member to any such chit or scheme, or participate in it otherwise, or receive or remit any money
in pursuance of such chit or scheme. 4. Penalty for contravening the provisions of section 3.

My Summary of “THE PRIZE CHITS AND MONEY CIRCULATION SCHEMES (BANNING) ACT, 1978”

If I summarize from my limited intelligence, what I understand is:

With the above act Govt. legally ban schemes:

  • That Promises quick & easy money. Or where people can earn quick and easy money.
  • Where members are paid to enroll new members only.
  • Where there are no significant products or services to buy and sell.
  • Where Considerable amount of money is collected from people just in exchange of promise of future returns.

I absolutely support Indian Govt. for passing this law for protecting general public from being cheated.

However, what I don’t understand is how can any legitimate Direct Selling / MLM / Network Marketing company be accused of being illegal prize chit or money circulation schemes?

Direct Selling Doesn’t Offer Quick and Easy Money:

Ask (or investigate) any top earner of Direct Selling industry, you won’t find a single one who are earning huge money overnight and very easily. If you find someone claiming otherwise, that person is a fraudster.

  • It takes time to learn different skills and develop the mindset to succeed in this business.
  • One needs to stay atleast 3-5 years in this business, before expecting huge residual income.
  • One needs to talk to many people about the products/services & the business opportunity to find considerable number of consumers and distributors that can generate great income from them.
  • Training and keeping your team focused isn’t easy either.

The advantages over other professions are: 

  • Lowest startup cost.
  • Step by step proven system that can be followed to succeed in this industry.
  • Great support system from company and uplines (people who have you in their Networks).
  • Working properly for 7-10/week and for 3-5 years, one can generate a 6 or 7 figure residual income ( the income which doesn’t stop even when you stop working). That’s very unlikely in other professions.

But in no way, it’s quick and easy money.

Direct Selling Companies Pay Only for Products/Services Sales not For Recruiting

All legitimate Direct Selling companies sell meaningful products and services.

And they pay their distributors for selling their products and services, not for recruiting new distributors.

If your group doesn’t produce required sales volume in certain month, you won’t be paid a single penny. Simple!

Direct Selling Companies Aren’t Investment Schemes

No legitimate Direct Selling company claims that

“Join us with xyz amount and sit at home sipping your coffee. You’ll double your amount within n years” .

Because it’s not an investment scheme or lottery ticket. To earn money in Direct Selling one has to actively participate in this business. To get retail commission, a distributor has to continue selling products and services to consumers. And to build a business with residual income producing capability, a distributor has to create a well trained Network of active distributors.

So work hard, build business, and enjoy the benefit – just like any other business model.

Why There is No Clear Law Regulating This Industry

Because, this is a relatively new industry just like Internet.

If you want an idea about how and when this industry was born, let me share the brief history:

History of Direct Selling / MLM / Network Marketing

It’s very difficult to exactly pinpoint the moment when this industry was born, but can be said roughly around 1934- 1945. So it’s not even 100 years old industry yet.

1934 – Carl Rehnborg started the California Vitamin Corporation selling what today are known as vitamin supplements. In 1939 the company changed its name to Nutrilite Products Company, Inc.

1945 – Nutrilite contracted with Mytinger & Casselberry to become the exclusive American distributor of Nutrilite products. Mytinger & Casselberry created the first documented MLM compensation plan. It worked like this: A Nutrilite distributor bought his supplies at a 35% discount.

Source: The History of MLM : How MLM (Network Marketing) got started and grew to meet the needs of the customer and the entrepreneur. It’s fascinating (Read it for the complete history and yes it’s really fascinating).

Amway Safeguard Rule

In 1975, the FTC accused Amway of operating as an illegal pyramid. After four years of litigation, in 1979, Amway prevailed. An administrative law judge ruled that Amway’s multilevel marketing program was a legitimate business opportunity as opposed to a pyramid scheme. In case you want to study, here is the complete legal document for the case. 

This decision has become known as the “Amway Safeguards Rule,” which is currently one of the most significant sets of legal standards by which courts and regulatory agencies determine the legitimacy of an MLM/network marketing/direct sales company.

Source: MLM Legality: The Amway Safeguards Rule : A Twenty Year Standard by Jeffrey A. Babener | MLM Legal Attorney

Summarizing MLM Legality

Let me just summarize the points for legally differentiating a legitimate Direct Selling Company and an illegal money circulations scheme:

 

Direct Selling MLM Network Marketing Structure

Source: How to Build a Multi Level Money Machine by Randy Gage

Illegal pyramid structure

Source: How to Build a Multi Level Money Machine by Randy Gage

  1. If the business plan focuses on rewarding participants for recruiting rather than for selling products/services to the end customer, then it’s illegal.
  2. If any distributor makes money from things other than selling products/services (personally + group volume), then it’s illegal. Earning from event tickets, earning from selling training materials etc are illegal.
  3. Legitimate Direct Selling companies doesn’t require large upfront investment or buying large quantity of inventory.
  4. Any program offering big money but claiming “no selling required” is illegal.
  5. Products or services provided by Direct Selling company must be legitimate one, that people would buy at the retail price at the open market (without participating in the compensation plan).
  6. If the direct selling company distributes health and wellness products, no miraculous claims (like our products cures cancer) must be made without being approved by medical association.

Read more from Network Marketing vs Illegal Pyramids chapter in How to Build a Multi Level Money Machine by Randy Gage.

You May not Like/Need a Product, Doesn’t Mean It’s Not Legitimate

I’ve heard many times from many people, that they don’t think product of XYZ Direct Selling company is value for money. Now similarly many people don’t think iPhones deserve to be so costly or cold drinks should cost 12 INR. But still there are many people who are okay with that.

So you may decide not to join a Direct Selling company, if its product doesn’t appeal to you. But that doesn’t make that company illegal, if others are finding it useful.

Who are the Culprits?

Why general public is skeptical about the concept? Why Govt. is running after direct selling companies? Who are the culprits?

Like every industry, there are unethical companies and unethical distributors in ethical companies in our industry. They are the culprits. Every single ethical person in our profession wants these unethical companies and distributors to be punished.

But why judge our whole industry for the misdeeds of these few people? Why harass hard working direct sellers and genuine companies who are making a difference to people’s lives with their products and Entrepreneurial opportunity?

Oh! Let me tell you, the underlying mentality of most people “how can I be rich overnight without doing anything” is the ugliest culprit of all.

How Direct Selling Industry is Working Hard to Maintain High Ethical Standards

Legitimate direct selling companies are becoming stricter and bolder for maintaining highest ethical standards in its distributors, terminating unethical distributors no matter what level they are in.

Also there are national trade associations like Direct Selling Association, and private associations,magazines and communities like Association of Network Marketing Professionals, Network Marketing Pro, Direct Selling Master Mind Event, Networking Times Magazine, First Class MLM Tools are relentlessly teaching Direct Selling distributors to run their business with highest form of integrity.

Also direct selling leaders like us, irrespective of our companies, are also educating people about right way to do this business, at individual level.

Humble Request to Legal Professionals, Regulators and Media Professionals

Legal professionals, regulators and media professionals – these 3 groups of people highly influence general public’s impression about our direct selling industry.

Though I respect people from these 3 professions very much, but I really don’t understand why these people draw conclusion about our industry always from those who are either negative about this industry or failed in this industry. Why they never take time to talk to the successful people in our profession, why they never publish stories about countless direct sellers who are grateful to this industry for changing their lives? Why they never highlight the positive aspects and unique opportunities of this industry?

When the Sarada group got shut down sometimes back, I was shocked to read in a popular Bengali newspaper that Sarada group was a MLM company. It wasn’t! It was an investment scheme, not a business building concept where any legitimate product/service was being sold. These type of companies recruit influential people in different localities as their chief agents. They are given money and car in the beginning. Then they are asked to form a team of agents and then collect money from common people. How can these companies be Direct Selling / MLM companies? In MLM, no one is given any position. Everyone starts from zero and rise by selling products/services and building a team.

Analyzing an Article from MadLaw

I was reading an article written by an associate of a leading corporate law firm in Mumbai:  Multi-Level Marketing and Indian Law – Amway cases in India and USA | Marketing and Advertising Law

Let me point our few portions:

Basically, it works on the principle of multiplication duplication, or geometrical increase of the retail or sale activity, as the case may be. The survival of the system, thus, depends on the chain of recruiting at lower functional levels, which sustains the levels above it.

Survival of Direct Selling doesn’t depend on Recruiting

How can the survival of the system depends on the chain of recruiting at lower functional levels? The survival of the system depends on the sales of products / services by distributors of different levels. Just like any other companies. A traditional company recruits sales people to distribute their products/services. But traditional sales people only get paid for their individual sales. That’s why their earning is limited and when they stop working, their earning stops. Only the company gets the benefit of leverage.

But the direct selling companies provide this benefit of leverage to all the distributors. Isn’t that a great thing?

Any distributor will keep getting paid as long as they keep selling products/services, just like any other businesses. Even if they can’t or don’t recruit, there isn’t any reason for their earning to stop.

Another portion from the article:

While on the one hand it could arguably be a successful marketing strategy, which involves creating an increasing market based on increasing outreach, it has underlying concerns of being an unfair trade practice, long-term un-sustainability and the uneven distribution of the benefits and costs in the event of the success or failure of the strategy.

At the heart of the criticism against the structure of the MLM is that it very closely resembles the ‘pyramid’ scheme, in which a higher level are supported by a geometrically larger lower functional level. This structure is inherently flawed, because ultimately, it will necessarily fail when a level of saturation is reached, and no further recruitment of additional participants can be made at lower functional levels.

 

Which again quite misleading.

Pyramid Structure

earn-more-money-more-time (4)

Photo Courtesy: Brilliant Compensation by Tim Sales

What’s wrong with the pyramid structure? Nothing! Ask any architect, he’ll tell you that it is one of the most stable geometrical structures. Our family trees look like pyramids. So why so much fuss about “Pyramid scheme”? The problem is in people’s perception with the shape:

The person on top makes all the money, but the people at the bottom don’t make any.

This is a very common misconception regarding Direct Selling / Network Marketing business model. Before investigating that, let me ask you, why aren’t you accusing all corporate organizations for being Pyramid scheme? Doesn’t the person on the top (say CEO) make the most money and get benefit of leverage over all people below? I am not judging this model by any way. Because I understand the justification you might want to give. The CEO might have started the company, created the infrastructure and manages everything etc etc. Doesn’t he deserve to be paid most? Yes! I am fine with that!

Then what’s your problem with someone at the top of a Network Marketing business, earning more than people below them? That person on top, started from ground zero one day. Worked hard, trained people, supported people and reached the top position. That person is still supporting their entire Network. So why can’t they get paid most?

If you still think Direct selling is Pyramid Scheme, this one is for you:

Unfair Trade Practice and Uneven Distribution of Benefits

Now I can’t stay silent if you accuse Direct Selling for being unfair trade practice and uneven distribution of benefits.

Let me tell you a fact first:

You can find many successful corporate employees and traditional business owners who left their profession and joined Direct Selling. But can you show me one successful direct seller who returned to corporate business world?

And the reason behind this is: Direct selling provides most fair and even distribution of benefits. 

  • Every single distributor in a direct selling company has the same opportunity to reach the top of the compensation plan. Unlike traditional corporates where certain people can be promoted to certain levels.
  • In direct selling the most productive distributor earns most, even from someone above them who might not be that productive.
  • An average direct seller is happier due to different benefits like: being able to work from home, spend time with family, absence of corporate politics, empowering life and business lessons etc.

How can you say that it’s not fair trade practice and even distribution of benefits?

Celebrity Endorsement vs Word of Mouth Recommendation from Real People

Which do you think more fair trade practice? Paying millions to celebrities to endorse products/ services they might never use themselves or rewarding happy customers who spontaneously recommend products/ services they personally love to use?

Long Term Sustainability

Sorry to say, this is another foolish accusation.

In today’s disruptive economy, it’s very difficult to be sure about long term sustainability of any company or industry. Who would have thought that giants like Nokia and Kodak would vanish one day? (though mobile and camera industries are booming) They were not direct selling companies, were they? But still you can consider a business model viable if it’s running successfully for 50+ years.

And if this Direct Selling business model is long term un-sustainable, then how can companies like Amway, Mary Kay etc are running successfully for decades?

Network Marketing industry recorded Global sales of 167 Billion $ for 2012

MLM Global Sales Figure 2012

How could this industry generate $167 Billion in global sales in 2012? (Excluding those countless companies who didn’t participate in the survey).

And why would top Global brands below distribute some or all their products through Direct Selling , if this was not a viable business model?

  • Microsoft
  • AT & T
  • Gillette
  • Colgate
  • Citibank
  • IBM
  • Toyota
  • Coca-cola

Saturation

People who say that Direct Selling isn’t a viable business model because someday it will saturate, are great in math I must say.

How they figure this out? 1 person starts a Network Marketing business today. Then they recruit 2 people. Each of they recruit 2 people. 1+ 1 x 2 + 2 x 2 + 3 x 2+ —- = world population.

But what I don’t understand is, how can they forget that this population isn’t constant!

current-world-population-28-may-2014

28th May 2014 Around 6:40 PM IST

May be visiting World Population Clock will wake them up!

When there are so many Direct Selling companies worldwide operating for more than 10+ years, then why aren’t everyone in Direct Selling or atleast know about it?

Now everyone got a mobile phone (most probably more than one), then how the mobile industry is still booming?

Why can’t McDonald franchisees get saturated one day? So that there are more burgers than the people to eat?

Every year, so many Engineers are graduating, what will happen to them?

So you can safely ignore the saturation issue of Direct Selling industry. Let’s talk about it the day it get saturated. Today is not that day my friend.

The article also mentions:

Therefore, if one follows a technical and restricted approach, the requirements of ‘Money Circulation Scheme’ are not met. However, on a closer scrutiny, it can be observed that in effect, it is identical. This was recognized by the High Court, and it was held that the operation of Amway was illegal.

I don’t have any idea how the author ended up in conclusion that direct selling is identical with ‘money circulation scheme’.

However I appreciate that the author also wished for a better legal framework in India for regulating direct selling companies.

I also found another article on the same MadLaw website, written by my friend legal expert friend Ramanuj How to run a legal MLM scheme in India and what is illegal Muti-Level Marketing? | Marketing and Advertising Law . I must admit this one is by far the best and most unbiased article written on MLM by any Indian legal expert, among the ones I’ve read. 

Legal Verdict isn’t Final

With this statement, I mean no disrespect to the law and constitution of any countries. What I want to say is, court verdict isn’t always the public opinion. Or with time better and more refined laws can be made.

So raising finger at Direct Selling company/ industry pointing out legal cases, doesn’t prove that the business model is illegal in any way.

What Thought Leaders Are Saying About Direct Selling / Network Marketing Industry

Whenever you want to learn about something, whom do you consult? People who are successful and/or expert in that field? Isn’t it? Then why would you take opinion about Direct Selling industry from those who had failed or don’t have any idea about it?

You might want to have some unbiased opinion about this industry, but then find out what respected thought leaders are saying about it. Don’t be influenced by just any Tom, Dick & Harry!

If Direct Selling business model wasn’t legal and viable, then why would these reputed people have risked their own reputation to appreciate and endorse it?

Why would respected publications like Forbes publish articles on MLM?

I am waiting for some daring publication from India to step forward and take this responsibility to tell the truth about this industry to common public.

Do Most People Fail in MLM / Direct Selling?

Now I can’t conclude an article about MLM legality without addressing this issue. When all other logic against Direct Sales industry fails, people resort to the final weapon “Come on! Whatever you say, but the fact is most people fail in Direct Selling / MLM” and they will keep counting all the names they can remember who failed in this industry.

But my common sense question for those people is: Name an industry/ field/ profession, where most people succeed?

How many people apply for Engineering/ Medical/Law Entrance Examination and how many get seats? I was reading in newspaper sometimes back: for primary teachership recruitment examination, there are 55 lakh+ applicants appearing for 55K seats (approximate numbers). So even if 60K applicants are qualified for the job, only 55K will get the it.

But atleast in Direct Selling, there isn’t any limit to how many people can reach to the top. It totally depends on individuals, whether they’ll give up in between or keep rising to the top.

I’ll let Tim Sales explain you in better way.

Why it is Important to Support Direct Selling

No matter whether you are associated with this industry or not, I’ll request you to support this industry by sharing this article.

Why? Because …

  • There are very few industries like Direct Selling, where any common person can become rich and live their dreams if they are willing to learn and work hard. ( Did you read my story? If not for this industry, I could never dare to become the person I wanted to become – the person I am today)
  • Is there any other business which have so low startup cost and so high returns?
  • This industry is bringing families together giving opportunity to work from home (or from anywhere).
  • This industry is helping people to grow as a human being.
  • This industry is teaching Entrepreneurial, Leadership, Management skills to people, who could have never afforded to have a MBA degree.
  • By cutting the cost of celebrity advertisements and distribution channels, direct selling is proving quality products at cheapest possible price to consumers.
  • Direct Selling is environment friendly : less work – home commuting, less fuel consumption, less offices, less paper used, low (or no) use of advertisement banners. It’s a green business.
  • This industry is making this world a better place one person at a time.

Extend your hand. Acknowledge the goodness of the industry. We promise you, that we will make it better.


 Update: Infographic

Direct Selling MLM Network Marketing - Legal or Illegal?



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Update: Download it As PDF

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Is MLM Crime or Illegal in India

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53 replies
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  1. RamParkash Beniwal says:

    @Sourav Ghosh
    tell me one thing why Govt promises in election time for free Wifi, Laptop, Pensions, TV, Cycles, Machine, free House scheme,Free water Supply, free Electricity, Free food in lowest rate, free travel in Bus & railway, free. If MLM are illigal then why doing these all fake promises in during election or for vote bank??? why. why EC commitee is not Banned all types fake & free promises in any State. All govt Like BJP, SP, BSP,INLD, Congress,etc all dioing fake proises in election time. But main problem is that why a normal person make money using MLM & network system. PLease raise my voice regarding Free promises in election time for Vote Bank, Whty Why Why????????????

    Any why govt give the Licenses for Doing this types of business’s???

    Raise your voice regarding govt policies against the normal, why govt approved JIO scheme for free talks, why govt gave the free water supply, why govt provide the funds for company’s, why govt doing the fake promises for vote bank?? why why why ??

  2. RamParkash Beniwal says:

    tell me one thing why Govt promises in election time for free Wifi, Laptop, Pensions, TV, Cycles, Machine, free House scheme,Free water Supply, free Electricity, Free food in lowest rate, free travel in Bus & railway, free. If MLM are illigal then why hese all fake promises are banned in election time. why EC commitee is not Banned all types fake & free promises in any State. All govt Like BJP, SP, BSP,INLD, Congress,etc all dioing fake proises in election time. But main problem is that why a normal person make money using MLM & network system. PLease raise my voice regarding Free promises in election time for Vote Bank, Whty Why Why????????????

  3. hkchakladar says:

    I have seen alot of many pyramid scheme which are making money from new entrants people.
    Legally how/where to report this and stop these companies ? They are even registered with MCA.

  4. sunny4frenz says:

    Hi Saurabh,
    Thanks for the detailed write-up on MLM. I have a very little
    knowledge about MLM and have a query for you if you could answer.
    Actually for last 1 year there is something called social
    trading business (socialtrade.biz) trending in Delhi-NCR and wanted to
    understand if that is legal.
    1. Basically company says they promote client’s business by
    improving their online search ratings. So a persons who enters the scheme has
    to click some X number of links every days and company pays 5 Rs for every link
    clicked. Money is also paid every day. Number of links depends on the package
    to you opt for. They have different packages like 57k , 28k , 14k.
    2. For 125 links one has to pay for 57K as yearly
    subscription fee and if you add 2 more members under your ID within 20 days of
    account activation number of links (2X) would be doubled.
    In other terms your pay-out would be doubled.
    3. There is also promotional income. One has to balance its
    binary tree. Every member added on at any level on both legs, parent will receive
    5K.
    What is your views on that?

    • Sourav Ghosh says:

      Hi. This sounds very fishy. We provide Digital Marketing services as well. But totally clueless why would someone pay for such services! One thing for sure that this doesn’t help in improving online search rating. Google is very strict against links or clicks bought.
      I want to inspect this further. Can you please send an Email to business@souravghosh.com ?

  5. durgawarrier says:

    souravghosh durgawarrier

    Thank you so much for reading the blog and sharing in the group. Getting a friend request from you is totally surprising. I didn’t think twice to accept it. I am completely thankful for your kind words. 

    Just emailed you! Looking forward for your suggestions. 

    Thanks and Regards,
    Durga

  6. kushagradeep says:

    Hi Sourav 
    Nice post!
    You mentioned a very important point here – “When these consumers like these products and services naturally they start sharing with other”
    .
    I would like you to explain this little more – For sure if as a consumer I like a product and service I recommend that to others. This is natural human behavior and if you get commission for this – Great!!!.

    But ethically if I don’t like the product, but only interested in a commission – because it’s huge, then also will you call it ethical in terms of MLM. 

    For example a person knowing selling a watch is worth Rs. 100/- for Rs. 10,000/- will you call it ethical in MLM?
    I came across a few people (IRs of a controversial company) who admitted that the product may not have the value, but insisted to look at the business plan – Do you think they are actually doing ethical MLM?
    Thanks
    Kushagra

  7. kushagradeep says:

    Just a comment – It think the history of Direct Selling is even older (even before 1934). I consider Pedlars Act of 1871 as the first recognition to Direct Selling.

  8. souravghosh says:

    durgawarrier  Hi Durga! Glad you liked it. 
    I totally understand what you are going through. Still remember those early days. And I was 19 – 20 back then. Parents nearly disowned me. :p 
    Btw hy don’t you join us  in our Facebook group MLM Eye Opener ? http://www.facebook.com/groups/MLMEyeOpener 
    I just read your blogpost and loved it! It’s very clear that you have experience in copywriting. Shared it in our group too. ( Thanks for accepting my request on Facebook) 
    Durga, I have a few suggestions for your blog that can help you grow your business. Mail me at business@souravghosh.com please.

  9. souravghosh says:

    ssrissam  Hi Sardeep! So glad to read your comment. Very happy that you took time to read my post and found it useful. Are you in our Facebook group MLM Eye Opener ? http://www.facebook.com/groups/MLMEyeOpener Please join us. I shared many valuable resources here. This is where we get together as an industry to learn and discuss. 
    Why are you saying sorry dear? I want this info to be shared! As long as someone plagiarizes my content as their own, I will be happy to get see my content get shared. Post the link to your Facebook post here please. 
    Why don’t you drop me an Email to business@souravghosh.com? I’d love to know you better and learn about your experience with this industry.

  10. ssrissam says:

    Hi Sourav,
    Landed at your blog while searching google for authenticity of MLM. Started to read it but could not stop till I read it almost completely. Very good article from all angles. Hope to get more from you in future.
    I wonder, why people prefer 10k to 25000k job to MLM. Being safe is good for people but why don’t people accept MLM as part time alongwith their jobs till they build a good network. I am also doing it part time alongwith my Govt. Job and wish to have MLM  income equivalent to my last salary when I retire.

    I would like to say sorry for having shared some material from your blog on my facebook timeline with your name. Hope you will pardon me.

    Regards. 

    Sardeep Singh

  11. creativeavi says:

    Hi Sourav, what is the authenticity of negative product list to be sold under Direct selling. is there any law about that ?

  12. varun anand says:

    Dear Sourav,

    I totally agree with your article. Ethical companies are getting effected by unethical distributors due to which there is a lot of negativity in the society regarding network marketing. People join the business but only a few go through proper documentation(code of ethics, policies, procedures) for the business. They come just to earn quick buck and after they fail they blame the company and the distributor for cheating them. This has been a very common scenario which has been affecting the business and the only way to remove this negativity is by properly educating people about our industry and your article has done the same. Would share this article so that everyone can get to know our industry.

  13. durgawarrier says:

    Dear Sourav,

    Thanks a lot for such a detailed write up! I am relatively new to this network marketing industry, and often been criticised by kith and kin for being part of this industry. But my heart wants me to go on. Your article has really helped me to clear doubts in my head.. Thank you so much! Keep inspiring us more. 

    Thanks
    -Durga Warrier

    PS: I have a small write up about my experience with network marketing. Sharing the link here : http://gleeshots.blogspot.in/2015/07/network-marketing-real-experience.html

  14. choudhurysubrata1972 says:

    amway products are highly priced because of their business model.  Their products are of better quality.
    It’s the government to decide the maximum percentage of profit of a business.
    My personal opinion is there should be a control over the maximum percentage of profit of any business.
    profit is good.  Too much profit is very bad for the human civilization.

  15. lokesh4043 says:

    hello sir,,,,thankuu for your articles..but how can we find out that a DS company is legal…for a DS company is it neccessories to register from IDSA.

  16. VarunPandey says:

    Problem in India is people provide their opinion without any research. I guess not just in India but all over the world, there is some perception build about this beautiful Industry which is creating more entrepreneurs than any other business. Its a pure business and I am glad I am associated with a strong company and fastest growing company in Asia.

    Thanks Sourav for your articles.

  17. VishalNigade says:

    Hi sir
    I’m 20 now and i am a associate of ebiz.com Pvt Ltd
    I would like to know whether the product has any real value for money
    Because some people doubt the value of products
    They tend to prejudge the products without seeing them
    And also I would like to know whether the company has future for me to make a long career in it (in legality,stability..etc)
    I’m under a bit of pressure from the society I need to make my belief rock solid once and for all
    I know u are the one who can clear my doubts on this one
    U can mail me on
    vishalnigade25496@gmail.com

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